聖嚴法師 108自在語(第一集) 108 Adages of Wisdom, Part I
108 Adages of Wisdom, Part I
提昇人品 Becoming a Good Human Being
1 需要的不多，想要的太多。 Our needs are few; our wants many.
What is most important is to be grateful for what you’ve
been given and repay in kind — to benefit others is to
3 盡心盡力第一，不爭你我多少。 Do your utmost – no matter who gains or loses.
4 慈悲沒有敵人，智慧不起煩惱。 Compassion has no enemies; wisdom, no vexations.
The busiest have the most time; the diligent, the best
6 布施的人有福，行善的人快樂。 The charitable are blessed; the virtuous, happy.
Let the measure of your heart be great; the size of your
When you can let it go, then you can pick it up. At ease
letting it go or picking it up – then you are truly free.
Know yourself, know others; know when to advance,
when to retreat; at all times maintain peace and
equanimity in body and mind; know your blessings, use
them wisely, strive to increase them; everywhere you go
develop deep virtuous affinity with others.
Able to pick it up, able to let it go – year after year good
fortune will surely follow; sow a field of blessings with
wisdom! Everyday, all days – are good days.
Always keep your body and mind always relaxed and
meet everyone with a smile; relaxation makes your mind
and body healthy, and a smile gathers friends and
About to speak? Think a moment. Slow your speech a bit.
It’s not that you should not speak, but rather that you
should cherish what you say and choose your words with
In daily living it is better to think: “fine if I can have it, no
matter if I can’t”; thus transform suffering to joy and live a
life of serenity.
The four contentments: mind at peace, body at rest,
family in harmony, all enterprise at ease.
When you wish for something – as yourself these four
questions: Is it needed? Is it wanted? Is it obtainable? It is
The four attitudes to take towards others: grateful,
thankful, transforming, inspiring.
The four steps in dealing with any problem: face it, accept
it, deal with it, let it go.
The four keys to good fortune: know what you are
blessed with, cherish it, help it grow, and plant seeds for
If possible and permissible, seek after it; if impossible
and forbidden, keep away from it.
With gratitude we grow; repayment of kindness leads to
Be thankful at every opportunity: good and bad fortune
are both allies.
Rejoice when you encounter good, praise it, encourage it
to spread, but take care to learn with an open mind.
More praise and less criticism! Cut down the karma that
comes from what you say.
24 平常心就是最自在、最愉快的心。 An ordinary mind is a mind of utmost freedom, utmost joy.
A true step on the path merits more than a hundred
shallow words adorned with tinsel.
The more you come to know your weaknesses, the faster
you will grow – your self confidence unwavering.
27 多聽多看少說話，快手快腳慢用錢。 Look more, listen more; speak less, act fast; spend slow.
Only after you encounter affliction and adversity will you
summon the mind of diligence.
Be solid and forthright; have a great open heart; be sure
and steady in accomplishment, with vision penetrating
30 忙而不亂，累而不疲。 Busy but not in disarray; tired but not worn out.
31 忙得快樂，累得歡喜。 Be happy being busy! Even when you’re tired, be joyful.
32 「忙」沒關係，不「煩」就好。 Busy? No matter. No vexation. All is well.
Work quickly, not anxiously; mind and body relaxed and
Finish your work quickly, but in an orderly manner; don’t
become nervous trying to compete with time itself.
Don’t measure success and failure by wealth or poverty;
work only to benefit yourself and others with all your heart
Work hard and others may resent you, take up a task and
risk criticism; compassion lies within harsh words,
treasure buried deep within criticism.
Be at ease in all encounters; give of yourself, as
The three acts of success: accord with causes and
conditions, act decisively when they arise, shape the
Seize opportunity when it arises, create it when it doesn’t
exist; but when the time is not ripe, don’t take
Life’s ups and downs are the stuff of growth and
Do what you have to do with wisdom; treat people with
care and compassion.
When you are off balance, always right yourself with
wisdom, everywhere you go, use compassion to make life
easy for others.
43 慈悲心愈重，智慧愈高，煩惱也就愈少。 Deep wisdom, great compassion: few vexations.
Face whatever is in front of you, act with wisdom, treat
people with compassion; forget benefit, harm, gain, and
loss, and vexations will diminish.
An ordinary mind bends to circumstances; a sage mind
Big duck swims, big wake; little duck swims, little wake.
No duck in the water? No wake at all.
Can’t move the mountain? Build a road! Road blocked?
Start climbing! Can’t climb? Shift mind!
True diligence doesn’t mean placing your life at risk. It is
simply unwavering persistence.
Boat passes, wake disappears; bird flies, shadow
departs. Gain or lose, succeed or fail – emotions do not
stir: this is the great wisdom of freedom and liberation.
Making life easier for others is making your life easier for
The noble one suffers mistreatment willingly; the fool is
humiliated by what he suffers.
Pressure usually comes from too much concern with what
we encounter around us as well as how people judge us.
Serve others with a mind of gratitude and reciprocity and
you will be neither tired nor weary.
Help others with strength of mind and body, with wealth
and wisdom – always and everywhere with a thankful
The meaning of life lies in serving; the value of life in
The aim of life is to receive karmic retribution, fulfill vows,
and make new ones.
57 人的價值，不在壽命的長短，而在貢獻的大小。 The value of life is not in duration but in contribution.
The past is an illusion; the future, a dream; the present,
There is no need to dwell in the past, no necessity to
worry about the future: the enduring present holds both
past and future.
Wisdom is not simply knowledge, nor experience, nor idle
speculation; it is an attitude that transcends selfcenteredness
Great accomplishment – complete humility; big ego –
The superior settle their minds upon the Way; the
average busy themselves with day to day living; the
small-minded pursue fame, fortune and desire.
You have a particular role and responsibility in life; act
In calmness and tranquility make good use of this
wondrous day! Tomorrow will shine!
Worry causes needless injury! Mindfulness brings
Wealth is like flowing water, and giving like the digging of
a well. Dig deeper and more water flows in; give more
and wealth multiplies.
Live life this way: the best plan anticipates the worst
Even with a single breath remaining, hope is unlimited,
and that is untold wealth.
A bodhisattva saves others from hardship and suffering;
a great bodhisattva takes on hardship and suffering itself.
Three principles to transcend the suffering of birth,
sickness and old age: a happy life, a healthy attitude
towards sickness, hope in old age.
Three principles to transcend death: don’t seek it, don’t
fear it, don’t wait for it.
Death is neither a happy event nor a cause for mourning,
but a call to practice our faith seriously.
Every child is a little bodhisattva that helps his or her
With teenagers: use care, not worry; guidance, not
control; communication, not authority.
To truly love your children, give them your blessings
rather than burden them with your worry!
A couple’s relationship should be based on mutual
respect, not argument.
Stop the litter, clutter and garbage! Always clean up and
pick up what you can. These are virtuous acts.
78 眼光，是你的智慧；運氣，是你的福德。 Insight comes from wisdom; good fortune, from merit.
We love to grasp what we love and reject what we dislike;
gain and loss, gain and loss – vexations are sure to come.
80 經常少欲知足的人，才是無虞匱乏的富人。 Having few desires bring riches without worry.
True suffering is a mind without peace or calm. Physical
pain and illness are not necessarily suffering.
Know clearly that an unsettled mind is trouble. Right then
and there – recite “Homage to Guan Yin, Bodhisattva
Avalokitesavara” to calm your mind.
A rich man is content with what he has; a poor man
accumulates and is never satisfied.
Don’t control emotions by suppressing them; calm them
with contemplation, reciting Buddha’s name, or prayer.
幸福人間 Happiness in this World
Kind words on everyone’s lips! Good deeds in everyone’s
heart! Good fortune in everyone’s life!
Let everyone speak kindly! Let everyone do good deeds!
Let everyone’s bad luck turn to good!
If everyday, everyone spoke another kind word, did
another good deed, then all of these little beneficial acts
would turn into a great, great good.
An urgent task needs immediate attention? Be ready
Harmony with myself and others, harmony in mind and
speech, and thus blessed with joy and happiness.
Harmony within and without, harmony in causes and
conditions, and thus freedom, peace and tranquility will
Seek a peaceful mind, and you will find a peaceful refuge;
treasure others and you will find fortune and happiness.
92 人品等於財富，奉獻等於積蓄。 Character creates wealth; giving creates savings.
Offering yourself is cultivation; calming your mind is
Great possessions don’t necessarily bring satisfaction;
few possessions don’t necessarily lead to poverty.
Right now you gather what you have planted; what you
harvest tomorrow, you plant at this moment.
The good are not lonely; the benevolent, happiest; ever
and always help others and thus achieve the utmost
happiness for yourself.
If you wish to build good relationships with others,
develop a broad mind, and become more tolerant and
When you change your way of thinking, what is around
you will transform accordingly; nowhere in the world will
you find absolute good or bad.
The way to get along with others is to communicate
effectively. When communication fails, compromise,
when compromise fails, tolerate and forgive.
The great must make allowance for the small; the small
must reflect upon the great.
Devote all heart and strength to your family; commit your
whole life to the enterprise at hand.
The best way to guard against greed is to give more, to
extend yourself more, and to share more with others.
103 包容別人時，雙方的問題就解決了。 Disputes are best settled by tolerance.
Two great tasks lie before Buddhists: to bring grace and
beauty to the land in which they live and to help sentient
beings grow spiritually.
Be a bottomless receptacle for the ills of the world; study
to be a spotless mirror that reflects the world as it is.
Wisdom comes at the moment when vexations perish
from the mind; compassion is nothing more than sharing
benefits with others.
Look at yourself with contrition; at the world with
Purify your mind by curbing desire; refine your community
with loving kindness for all.